Louis XI

Louis XI is the son of Charles VII and Marie d’ Anjou, he was born in the episcopal palace of Bourges in 1423.


During his long reign of twenty two years ( 1461-1483 ), Louis XI knew by means of patience and of persuasion how to enlarge the territory of the crown and to strengthen the royal power on solid administrative bases which led to refer to him as the ” universelle aragne “.

During his youth prince Louis testified of the will to free himself quickly from the authority of his father, which forced him into exile at first in Dauphiné, then in 1456 in Flanders where he found protection with the duke of Burgundy, Philippe-le-Bon, until the death of Charles VII in 1461. During this period of exile, his friendship with Jean Bourré strengthened. 

Louis XI had the opportunity to visit Jean Bourré in Plessis-Bourré repeatedly during his reign. His first reaction when he discovered this castle recently finished, was to name Jean Bourré Minister of the royal constructions.

He died on August 25th, 1483, leaving behind him a wider and stronger kingdom than he had received.


The knights of the order of Saint Michel


Louis XI and St – Michel’s order

On August 1st, 1469, Louis XI established in Amboise an order of chivalry bearing the name of Saint Michel’s order. This order included thirty six knights who had all taken the oath to king of France. Jean-Bourré was one of the first members, he was entitled order officer and occupied the function of treasurer.

Louis XI created this order in answer to the foundation of the Burgundian order of the Golden fleece in 1430.

The distinguishing feature of the order lay in the wearing, in any opportunity, a necklace made of gold seashells holding a medallion representing the archangel bringing down the dragon.